Question 1: Leading up to Dada and Surrealism, what was the state of mind of citizens?
The term “anti-art” often comes up in discussion as a pre-cursor to the movement. Perhaps a better question for the first question is, What defined art during this time? The pre-cursors to Dada and Surrealism were challenging arts boundaries. These were the beginnings of “detachment from the constraints of reality and convention” (Wikipedia). Anti-Art was a form of bringing people together through non-conforming ways of art. One of my favorites was the tea cup with fur around it. You can almost feel the fur on your tongue. This was a way of taking something that was a normal everyday commodity and making art of it.
Question 2: In terms of the Dada and Surrealist movement, why was this movement interested in intertwining politics and art?
This question goes back to Hopkins’s text, “Dada and Surrealism thus shared the defining avant-garde conviction that social and political radicalism should be bound up with artistic innovation. The artist’s task was to move beyond aesthetic pleasure and to affect people’s lives; to make them see and experience things differently” (Hopkins, 3). These movements were meant to change the mindset of the people. In my second blog post, I state, “The true goal was to change the mindset of citizens and politicians, to in result breakdown the underperforming social structures and barriers. The Dada art went against values, traditions, and aesthetics, which brought about new form of meaning and expression, that influenced people to change their mindset and see new things” (Warner). Art was a way to affect people during the issues of the time.
Question 3: What do constraints do to art? Do they make it more creative? Less Creative?
This question is important as the Oulipo movement is often correlated with the idea of creative constraints. Constraints involve using an already created idea and shifting it/placing a restriction on it to creative a new form of art of that work. New ideas are created through constraints and often, we see new ways and processes of doing things through these constraints.